About Psychology

Information about Psychology

According to www.dictionary.com, psychology is defined as “the science of the mind or of mental states and processes.” Common terms used in the field of psychology are defined in the psychological glossary.

Information about Psychologists

Psychologists are doctors of behavioral and mental health. Psychology is one of a number of fields offering education and training to provide mental health services, but psychology is one of only two professions that requires education to the doctoral level and that prepares all of its graduates to practice independently.

Psychologists are experts in diagnosing mental health problems and their causes, and they are skilled at developing action plans to address them. Find a Psychologist.

Educational Background
Psychologists must complete an extensive, science-based curriculum in biology, research, statistics, diagnosis, treatment and ethics. Psychologists’ rigorous educational and training programs always include at least five years of graduate study, at least one year of internship or residency, and one additional year of supervised postdoctoral clinical work. The rigor and breadth of psychologists’ education uniquely qualifies them to offer mental health services of the highest quality.

What a Psychologist Does


  • Evaluate and treat individuals who are suffering, whether from a serious mental illness (such as depression or panic attacks), a developmental disorder (such as autism), a Serious physical disease (such as breast cancer)
  • Help people deal with life stresses
  • Help families as individual family members struggle with such difficult questions, such as whether to undergo organ transplantation or what to do about end-of-life care.
  • Work with other health care professionals to help treat physical illness — psychological interventions can help decrease blood pressure, manage chronic or acute pain or maintain a complex medication regimen.
  • Work with employers, often “behind the scenes,” to help create work environments that promote good mental health and improve manager-employee communication, employee satisfaction and general productivity.
  • Work in schools to decrease behavioral problems, improve student performance and enhance self-esteem.

You Should Talk to a Psychologist When…

  • you want to prevent life’s stressors from threatening your physical health.
  • you want to build your confidence and resilience to meet challenges head-on.
  • you want to gain a mental edge to be your best at your job and with your family.
  • you or someone in your family has been diagnosed with a chronic illness.
  • you’re overwhelmed and can’t handle the problem yourself.

What Psychologists Do in Ohio

Psychologists touch the lives of Ohio’s citizens every day. For example:

  • A psychologist in Cincinnati helps women undergoing breast cancer treatment learn how to cope with the physical, emotional and lifestyle changes associated with cancer, as well as with the pain of medical treatments.
  • A psychologist in Cleveland trains Red Cross crisis workers to assist with the emotional and psychological distress of victims of trauma and provides support for rescue workers at disaster sites.
  • A psychologist in Columbus provides psychological services to people in nursing homes and gives guidance to staff on how to best care for them with dignity and respect.
  • A psychologist in Akron teaches cognitive and behavioral techniques to help people suffering from panic attacks, phobias and obsessive-compulsive behaviors to regain control of their lives.
  • A psychologist in Cincinnati runs programs to help obese children lose weight and live more healthy lives.
  • A psychologist in Lima helps people quit smoking, which reduces medical illness and extends life.
  • A psychologist in Westerville helps employees of a large corporation manage stress more effectively and trains managers regarding effective handling of personnel situations and staff conflict.
  • A psychologist in Springfield helps college students deal with the stresses that arise in making the transition from living at home to living away, and helps them become successful students, and responsible and independent adults.
  • A psychologist in Columbus educates professionals about the issues that affect people who are gay, lesbian, bi-sexual, or transgender in order to reduce stereotypes and hate crimes in Ohio.
  • A psychologist in Dayton helps children who are hospitalized for serious illnesses to cope better, to manage their illnesses more effectively, and to live more productive, happier lives.
  • A psychologist in Medina provides services to children and families, and consults with local and county agencies to advocate for the improvement of the health and well being of rural families.
  • A psychologist in Cincinnati provides vital hospital based services for the seriously mentally ill and is an articulate voice for the potentially disenfranchised.


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RSS News From OPA

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    Michael Ranney, MPA OPA Executive Director Here we are just a few weeks after the deadline for completing the mandatory continuing education requirement, and we still ...